The county of Northumberland
lies on the border between England and Scotland and is well renowned for its breath taking landscapes and areas of natural beauty. Almost a quarter of the county is protected as Northumberland National Park and it is home to Hadrian’s Wall, the Cheviot Hills and the Northumberland Sandstone Hills.
Northumberland is the most sparsely populated county in the UK, with just 62 people per square kilometre of land: compared to London, at 1,510 per square kilometre! There are no large centralised population areas as such, with the county town of Alnwick housing less than 10,000 residents.
A number of indigenous wildlife species can still be found in Northumberland, including Chillingham Cattle, roe deer, wildfowl and over 50% of England’s red squirrel population.
Northumberland’s culture and traditions are much more similar to those of Scotland than England, and give a unique hybrid feeling between the two countries. There are even unique English dialects within Northumbria, such as Pitmatic (also known as yakka, a mineworker’s dialect) for which protection groups exist to preserve the language.